Texts



(Please note that for copyright reasons not all texts can be published with translation in TLS.)

Baihutong 白虎通 (White Tiger Hall Discussions)

An extensive +1st cent. imperial encyclopaedia with copious etymological speculations and a systematic account of the administrative system and Han ideology.

Text Label BHT Text Reference 白虎通
Traditional Dating +80 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on CHANT TLS Translation based on TJAN TJOE SOM 1949FF
Input into TLS Yu Jing References Bibliography
     

Baiyujing 百喻經 (A sutra of one hundred parables)

Buddhist joke collection, compiled in China, dated +493.

Text Label BAIYU Text Reference 百喻經
Traditional Dating +492 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on JINLING SHUHUASHE 1981 TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Chuci 楚辭

The second of the two great ancient collections of poetry, originating from the southern state of Chu, and providing precious evidence on early Chinese shamanism as well as the early history of poetic mysticism.

Text Label CC Text Reference 楚辭
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -50 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SBBY TLS Translation based on HAWKES 1985
Input into TLS Tone Sandøy References Bibliography
     

Chunqiu 春秋 (Annals)

Annals of the state of Lu, traditionally attributed to Confucius as a compiler.

Text Label CQ Text Reference 春秋
Traditional Dating ca. -5th cent. Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on Legge
Input into TLS Christoph Anderl References
     

Chunqiu Guliangzhuan 春秋穀梁傳

See Guliangzhuan 穀梁傳

Daodejing 道德經

The classic of Taoism which is now available in -4th cent., -3rd cent. as well as received text redactions.

Text Label LAO Text Reference 道德經
Traditional Dating 4th cent. BC. Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SBBY TLS Translation based on Karlgren 1975
Input into TLS Tone Sandøy References Bibliography
     

Dasheng Xinxinglun 大乘心行論 (Mahayana Xinxinglun)

Buddhist text from Dunhuang.

Text Label XINXINGLUN Text Reference 大乘心行論
Traditional Dating ca. +670 - +750 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on TAISHO TRIPITAKA TLS Translation by Christoph Anderl
Input into TLS Christoph Anderl References
     

Du Fu 杜甫

Sample poems by by the Tang dynasty poet Du Fu 杜甫.

Text Label DU FU Text Reference 杜甫
Traditional Dating 712年-770 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on (test selection only) TLS Translation based on Stephen Owen
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Fahuajing 法華經 (Lotus Sutra, tr. Kumarajiva)

One of the seminal texts of Chinese Buddhism.

Text Label FAHUA Text Reference 法華經
Traditional Dating ca. +380 - +417 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on TAISHO TRIPITAKA TLS Translation based on WATSON 1993
Input into TLS Zhang Bin References
     

Fa jiyao songjing 法集要頌經

Influential poetic primer of Buddhism. (3rd cent. A.D.).

Text Label SONGJING Text Reference 法集要頌經
Traditional Dating 3rd cent. A.D. Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on   TLS Translation based on  
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Fajujing 法句經

Extremely readable early translation of a versified basic primer of Buddhism.

Text Label FAJU Text Reference 法句經
Traditional Dating +224 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on CBETA TLS Translation based on DHARMAJOTI 1990
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Feng Menglong's Xiaofu xu 馮夢龍 笑府序

Introduction to the most important traditional Chinese joke collection by the late Ming scholar and ethnographer.

Text Label XIAOFUXU Text Reference 馮夢龍笑府序
Traditional Dating   Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on   TLS Translation based on  
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Guanzi 管子

This is a large classic collection of various essays on social economy and political economy containing works of the -4rd to -1st centuries. It is the first important work in the long tradition of writings on state economics in classical Chinese

Text Label GUAN Text Reference 管子
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on TAIPEI: COMMERCIAL PRESS, 1993 TLS Translation based on Rickett, Princeton University Press
Input into TLS Tone Sandøy / Yu Jing References Bibliography
     

Guliangzhuan 穀梁傳 (Guliang Tradition)

Detailed commentary (-3rd to -2nd cent. B.C.) to the Annals of Lu.

Text Label CQGL Text Reference 穀梁傳
Traditional Dating ca. -200 - -100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on MALMQVIST 1972ff
Partial input into TLS Christoph Anderl References Bibliography
     

Guodian, Yucong 1 郭店 語叢一

An excavated text of some importance for the history of abstract philosophising in early China.

Text Label GD.YUCONG Text Reference 郭店語叢
Traditional Dating -4th cent. Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on CHANT TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Guodian, Zhongxin zhi dao 郭店 忠信之道

An excavated text of importance for early Chinese intellectual history.

Text Label GD.ZHONGXIN Text Reference 郭店.忠信之道
Traditional Dating -4th cent. Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on CHANT TLS Translation based on Dirk Meier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Hanfeizi 韓非子

This is the most important works on (proto-Machiavellian) political philosophy from ancient China (-3rd). It is also one of the great works of classical Chinese prose literature.

Text Label HF Text Reference 韓非子
Traditional Dating ca. -260 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on Shao Yonghai, based on Zhou Zhongling 1982 TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Hanshiwaizhuan 韓詩外傳

This -2nd cent. work provides narrative commentaries on the SHI (Book of Songs), and constitutes one of the masterpieces of early Han prose literature.

Text Label HSWZ Text Reference 韓詩外傳
Traditional Dating ca. -150 - -100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on LAI YANYUAN 1991 TLS Translation based on Hightower
Input into TLS Yu Jing References Bibliography
     

Heyinyang 合陰陽 (The Union of Yin and Yang, Mawangdui Text)

Sexological text from Mawangdui.

Text Label HEYINYANG Text Reference 合陰陽
Traditional Dating ca. -250 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on DON HARPER 1998 TLS Translation based on HARPER 1998
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Huainanzi 淮南子

This is the second of the great ancient encyclopaedias, dated -139, and it is famous for its remarkable sections on geography and astronomy as well as political philosophy in the spirit of syncretistic Taoism.

Text Label HNZ Text Reference 淮南子
Traditional Dating -139 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on CHEN GUANGZHONG 1982, modifications based on ZHANG SHUANGDI 1991. TLS Translation based on Wallacker, Ames, LeBlanc, Kraft, Morgan
Input into TLS Yu Jing; chapters 1,2,6,9,11 References Bibliography
     

Huazan 畫贊

Seminal very short text on painting ascribed to the 3rd cent. A.D. poet Cao Zhi 曹植.

Text Label HUAZAN Text Reference 畫贊
Traditional Dating (check date!) Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on SKQS TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Kongque dongnan fei 孔雀東南飛

Popular narrative ballad.

Text Label KQ Text Reference 孔雀東南飛
Traditional Dating ca. +300 - +500 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on FRANKEL 1969 TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Kongzijiayu 孔子家語

This +4th century text recounts of much earlier Confucian lore that is otherwise unavailable in the literature.

Text Label KJ Text Reference 孔子家語
Traditional Dating ca. +300 - +400 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on TAIBEI: WORLD BOOK COMPANY, 1978 TLS Translation based on KRAMER 1950
Input into TLS Yu Jing; chapters 1-10 References Bibliography
     

Laozi 老子

See Daodejing 道德經

Li Bai 李白

Sample poems by the Tang Dynasty poet, Li Bai 李白.

Text Label Li Bai Text Reference 李白
Traditional Dating 701-762 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on (test selection only) TLS Translation based on Stephen Owen
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Liezi 列子

A +5th century important Taoist compilation containing much earlier material.

Text Label LIE Text Reference 列子
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - +500 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on YANG BOJUN 1957 TLS Translation based on GRAHAM 1960
Input into TLS Ingeborg Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Liji 禮記

This -4th to -2nd century compilation is the most important of the classical Chinese writings on ritual.

Text Label LJ Text Reference 禮記
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on Legge
Input into TLS Tone Sandøy References Bibliography
     

Lienüzhuan 列女傳

A +1st cent. extensive collection of women's biographies.

Text Label LNZ Text Reference 列女傳
Traditional Dating ca. +50 - +100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on CHANT TLS Translation based on O'HARA 1945
Input into TLS Ingeborg Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Linji lu 臨濟錄

Famous Tang dynasty Zen Buddhist record of sayings by Linji (died A.D. 866).

Text Label LINJILU Text Reference 臨濟錄
Traditional Dating   Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on   TLS Translation by Christoph Anderl
Input into TLS Christoph Anderl References
     

Li Shimin 李世民

Sample poems by the second emperor of the Tang 唐 dynasty (Taizong 太宗)

Text Label LISHIMIN Text Reference 李世民
Traditional Dating   Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on   TLS Translation based on Stephen Owen
Input into TLS   References
     

Lunheng 論衡

Extensive selections from a massive +1st cent. treatise in a skeptical tradition, one of the most important sources on early Chinese history of science.

Text Label LH Text Reference 論衡
Traditional Dating ca. +50 - +100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on HUANG HUI 1990 TLS Translation based on
Partial input into TLS Hu Chirui References Bibliography
     

Lunyu 論語

The Analects of Confucius which are the best source we have on this founder of the Chinese philosophical tradition.

Text Label LY Text Reference 論語
Traditional Dating ca. -450 - -250 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Lüshichunqiu 呂氏春秋

The earliest of the Chinese encyclopaedias (dated 249 B.C.).

Text Label LS Text Reference 呂氏春秋
Traditional Dating 239 B.C. Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on CHANT TLS Translation based on
Input into TLS Ingeborg Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Mengzi 孟子

The extraordinarily well-preserved dialogues involving the second major Confucian philosopher Mencius.

Text Label MENG Text Reference 孟子
Traditional Dating ca. -350 - -300 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on
Input into TLS Tone Sandøy / David Sehnal References Bibliography
     

Mojing 墨經 (Mojing, ed. A.C. Graham)

The most important source on ancient Chinese logic and philosophy of language, as well as other branches of science.

Text Label MOJ Text Reference 墨經
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on GRAHAM 1978 / Chris Fraser TLS Translation based on Graham 1998
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Mozi 墨子

Philosophical classic inspired by an early Confucian dissident, of great interest to the history of logical argumentation in China.

Text Label MOZI Text Reference 墨子
Traditional Dating -4th to -3rd cent. Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on CHANT TLS Translation based on Mei Yi Pao
Input into TLS Jon Dalby References Bibliography
     

Mouzi Lihuo lun 牟子理惑論

A classical discussion of central issues of Buddhism in classical Chinese terms.

Text Label MOUZI Text Reference 牟子:理惑論
Traditional Dating +4th cent. Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on CBETA TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier, based on Pelliot 1920 and Keenan 1994
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Nüjie 女戒, by Ban Zhao 班昭

The first Chinese document (+1st cent) in which one detects a confidently female literary voice.

Text Label NJ Text Reference 女戒
Traditional Dating +1st cent. Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SKQS TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier, based on SWANN 1960
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Qin Keshi 秦刻石

Stelae from the Qin dynasty.

Text Label STELAE Text Reference 秦刻石
Traditional Dating second half -3rd century Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on MARTIN KERN 2000
(test selection only)
TLS Translation based on
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Renjing 忍經, by Wu Liang 吳亮

A fascinating anthology of texts relevant to the concept of forbearance. Significantly, the word itself does not in occur in many of the episodes anthologised.

Text Label RENJING Text Reference 吳亮:忍經
Traditional Dating +1306 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on SKQS TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Shangjunshu 商君書

A classic of "legalist" realist philosophy concerned with state economy and the philosophy of political control.

Text Label SHANG Text Reference 商君書
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on TAIBEI: COMMERCIAL PRESS, 1988 TLS Translation based on Duyvendak
Input into TLS Ivo Spira References Bibliography
     

Shangshu 尚書 (Shujing)

The classical work of historical documents (-9th cent. onwards) which remained a crucial focus of reference in pre-modern times.

Text Label SHU Text Reference 尚書
Traditional Dating ca. -800 - -100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on Karlgren
Input into TLS Christian Linder References Bibliography
     

Shen Dao 慎到

This is a collection of fragments of political philosophy in the "legalist" tradition.

Text Label SHENDAO Text Reference 慎到
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on THOMPSON 1979 TLS Translation based on P. Thompson
Input into TLS Marnix Wells References
     

Shijing daxu 詩經大序

Influential introduction to the poetry of the Book of Songs.

Text Label DAXU Text Reference 詩。大序
Traditional Dating -1st cent. Brooks Dating none
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on Stephen Owen 1992
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Shishuo xinyu 世說新語

Important collection of often humorous dialogues (early 5th century).

Text Label SSXY Text Reference 世說新語
Traditional Dating   Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on   TLS Translation based on Mather
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Shiji 史記

The first of the crucial 25 dynastic histories of China (-1st cent), an historical encyclopaedia, and one most important classical Chinese works of prose literature.

Text Label SJ Text Reference 史記
Traditional Dating ca. -100 - +30 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on ZHONGHUASHUJU TLS Translation based on The Grand Scribe’s Records. Vol. 1. Transl. by William H. Nienhauser and Tsai Fa Cheng. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.
Records of the Grand Historian of China. Transl. by Burton Watson. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.
Input into TLS Christoph Anderl, Christian Linder, Ingeborg Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Shijing 詩經

The classical collection of ancient songs (-9th to -6th cent) famously translated by Ezra Pound, who worked on the basis of literal translations by Bernhard Karlgren.

Text Label SHI Text Reference 詩經
Traditional Dating ca. -900 - -600 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on Karlgren, BMFEA
Input into TLS Christian Linder References Bibliography
     

Shipin 詩品, by Sīkōng Tú 司空圖

A classic of classificatory classical Chinese poetic poetics.

Text Label SIKUNGTU.SHIPIN Text Reference 司空圖:二十四詩品
Traditional Dating +900 (lived 837-908) Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on SKQS TLS Translation based on Owen 1992
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Shuihudi 睡虎地 (Excavated texts from Shuihudi)

Excavated legal text from the Qin dynasty.

Text Label SHUIHUDI Text Reference 睡虎地
Traditional Dating ca. -250 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on WENWU 2001 (test selection only) TLS Translation based on HULSEWE
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Shuowen jiezi xu 説文解字序

Postface to the most important dictionary of Chinese characters.

Text Label SHUOWEN XU Text Reference 説文解字序
Traditional Dating +100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SKQS TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References  
     

Summa Theologiae by Thomas Aquinas

Sample from the classical Chinese translation of the work by Thomas Aquinas.

Text Label SUMMA Text Reference SUMMA.THEOL
Traditional Dating +1670 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on Patrologia Latina TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Sun Bin 孫臏

Selected passages from excavated military text of the late Warring States period.

Text Label SB Text Reference 孫臏
Traditional Dating ca. -300 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on D.C. LAU AND R. AMES 1996
(selected text passages only)
TLS Translation based on
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Sunzi 孫子

Samples from the famous military classic.

Text Label SUN Text Reference 孫子
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on TAIBEI: COMMERCIAL PRESS, 1999
(selected passages only)
TLS Translation based on Ralph D. Sawyer
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Tanjing 壇經, by Hui Neng 慧能

The most important classic of Chinese Zen, or Chán.

Text Label TANJING Text Reference 六祖壇經
Traditional Dating +9th cent. Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on YAMPOLSKY 1996, with revisions TLS Translation based on YAMPOLSKY 1996
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References N/A
     

Tao Yuanming shi 陶淵明詩 (Tao Yuanming, Poems)

The collected works by the great +5th cent. poet.

Text Label TYM Text Reference 陶淵明詩
Traditional Dating Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on N/A TLS Translation based on Hightower
Input into TLS Olga Lomova References
     

Wang Ji 王績

Sample poems by the Tang poet Wang Ji 王績.

Text Label Wang Ji Text Reference 王績
Traditional Dating Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on (test selection only) TLS Translation based on Stephen Owen
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Wenzi 文子

Samples from the Taoist classic.

Text Label WEN Text Reference 文子
Traditional Dating ca. -250 - -100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on N/A (test selection only) TLS Translation based on none
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Wuxingpian 五行篇

A -3rd cent. excavated treatise on the Five Elements or Five Phases which were crucial in Chinese correlative thinking.

Text Label WXP Text Reference 五行篇
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on PANG PU TLS Translation based on Pang Pu et al.
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Xianyujing 賢愚經 (Sutra of talent and stupidity)

Important collection of often humorous edifying Buddhist tales.

Text Label XYJ Text Reference 賢愚經
Traditional Dating +445 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on TAISHO TRIPITAKA TLS Translation based on Sun Xixin and Victor Mair
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Xiaojing 孝經

The classical treatise on the culturally all-important virtue of filial piety.

Text Label XJ Text Reference 孝經
Traditional Dating ca. -200 - -100 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on L. Zádrapa
Input into TLS Lukáš Zádrapa References Bibliography
     

Xiaolin 笑林

The earliest surviving Chinese joke collection.

Text Label XIAOLIN Text Reference 笑林
Traditional Dating +4th cent. Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on WANG LIQI 1962 TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References  
     

Xici 繫辭 (Yijing)

The -3rd cent. treatise on the theories of the I Ching, the Book of Changes.

Text Label XC Text Reference 繫辭
Traditional Dating ca. -250 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on [Lynn, Columbia Unversity Press]
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Xinlun 新論 (Huan Tan, Xinlun)

+1st cent. fragments mainly on political philosophy.

Text Label XINLUN Text Reference 新論
Traditional Dating ca. -60 - 0 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on ZHANG PEIHENG TLS Translation based on Pokora, Michigan University Press
Input into TLS Yu Jing References Bibliography
     

Xunzi 荀子

A collection of systematising Confucian writings by the third of the great Confucians of the ancient period, Xunzi, who is often described as the Aristotle of ancient China.

Text Label XUN Text Reference 荀子
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on LI TIAOSHENG 1981 TLS Translation based on Knoblock and Riegel
Input into TLS Ingeborg Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Yantielun 鹽鐵論 (1-19)

The Salt and Iron Discourses (+1st cent) are the most important detailed and extensive evidence we have on public political debate on matters of economic and fiscal policy. We have entered an early translation into English, but in fact there is a profusely annotated Russian version (by Iurij Krol') which is much superior.

Text Label YTL Text Reference 鹽鐵論
Traditional Dating ca. -100 - -20 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on TIANJIN GUJI, 1993 TLS Translation based on GALE 1931
Input into TLS Yu Jing References Bibliography
     

Yanzi Chunqiu 晏子春秋

A collection of moralistic tales from late Warring States.

Text Label YAN Text Reference 晏子春秋
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -200 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on TAIBEI: DINGWENSHUJU, 1977 TLS Translation based on none
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Zhanguoce 戰國策

The Strategies of the Warring States (compiled -1st cent) is a uniquely readable anthology of much earlier edifying historical tales.

Text Label ZGC Text Reference 戰國策
Traditional Dating ca. -300 - -30 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SHANGHAI GUJI CHUBANSHE, 1978 TLS Translation based on Crump, Oxford University Press
Input into TLS Yu Jing / Ingeborg Harbsmeier References Bibliography
     

Zhongjing 忠經

 

Text Label ZHONGJING Text Reference 忠經
Traditional Dating   Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on   TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Zhuangzi 莊子

Perhaps the greatest work of Chinese prose literature (-4th to -3rd), written in the spirit of Taoist philosophy.

Text Label ZHUANG Text Reference 莊子
Traditional Dating ca. -400 - -230 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on GUO QINGFAN 1961 TLS Translation based on [Watson 1969]
Input into TLS Tone Sandøy References Bibliography
     

Zhuzi yulei 朱子語類, Books 10 and 11

The most important collection of Chinese philological and philosophical table talk.

Text Label YULEI Text Reference 朱子語類
Traditional Dating After +1200 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on Ed. Zhonghuashuju, ch. 10 and 11 TLS Translation by C. Harbsmeier
Input into TLS C. Harbsmeier References
     

Zuozhuan 左傳

The Zuo Commentary, the most extensive ancient Chinese book, and again one of the greatest works of ancient Chinese prose literature.

Text Label ZUO Text Reference 左傳
Traditional Dating ca. -400 - -300 Brooks Dating Warring States Project
TLS Text based on SSJZS TLS Translation based on Legge
Input into TLS Wiebke Denecke References Bibliography
     

Zutangji 祖堂集

Collection of Zen Buddhist biograophy and one of the most important documents of early colloqiual Chinese.

Text Label ZTJ Text Reference 祖堂集
Traditional Dating ca. +890 - +1000 Brooks Dating N/A
TLS Text based on TAISHO TRIPITAKA TLS Translation by Christoph Anderl
Input into TLS Christoph Anderl References