Text Click for more information SHUOWEN XU 5.0.0.0.0.0   說文解字序·5
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SHUOWEN XU 5.0.0.0.0.0
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說文解字序·5
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SHUOWEN XU
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Text Editions; Translation by Click for more information (possibly modified) SW.XU.1.5, tr. Francoise Bottero 1996 p. 19
 
Chinese Text Click for more information Translation Click for more information
1 倉頡之初作書也, When Cāng Jié first invented writing (not "characters"!)
2 蓋依類象形, presumably he went according to the classes of things and depicted their shape.
3 故謂之文。 That is why this was called wén."graphic representation" (not "character")
4 其後形聲相益, Then afterwards shape and pronunciation were added to each other (i.e. graphic representations were used to represent pronunciations of words)
5 即謂之字。 and then these are called "characters".
6 文者, As for graphic representations
7 物象之本; they are the basis of the images of things.
8 字者, As for zì "character"
9 言孳乳而寖多也。 this (originally) meant reproduction and proliferation.
10 著於竹帛謂之書。 Writing on bamboo or silk is called shū "record, write down".
11 書者,如也。 To record is to produce a likeness (of what is being meant).
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Lexeme Entry Attributions Click for more information (15)
  Line No. Click for more information Character(s) Click for more information Phonological Profile Click for more information Synonym Group Label Click for more information Syntactic Category Click for more information Semantic Category Click for more information Lexeme Entry Definition Click for more information Evidential Value Click for more information
1 zuò *tsuo̝ 精模去 **tsaaɡs (?) / zuò *tsɑ 精歌去 **tsaals (?) / zuò *tsɑk 精鐸入 **tsaaɡ (?) CREATE vtoN set up, originate (something), create, invent; produce; of texts: compose
1 chū *ʈʂhi̯ɤ 初魚平 **tshra (?) BEGIN vadV first time for the first time
1 shū *ɕi̯ɤ 書魚平 **qhlja (?) WRITE nab method the art of writing; the writing system
1 shū *ɕi̯ɤ 書魚平 **qhlja (?) WRITE nab act act of writing
2 yī *ʔɨi 影微平 **qɯl (?) CONFORM vtoN follow (a pattern, a model); act in accordance with
2 盍/蓋 <韻調?> (?) / gài *kɑi 見泰去 **kaabs (?) PROBABLE padS mod as a matter of fact, as far as I can see; probably, apparently; presumably; in my subjective view
2 xiàng *zi̯ɐŋ 邪陽上 **sɢlaŋʔ (?) DEPICT vtoN depict; symbolise
3 wén *mi̯un 明文平 **mɯn (?) WRITTEN CHARACTER n PATTERN> graph, graphic shape; written shape; (as opposed to 字 "written character standing for a word)
4 yì *ʔiɛk 影昔入 **qleɡ (?) ADD vt2 pass be added to each other
5 zì *dzɨ 從之去 **sɡlɯs (?) WRITTEN CHARACTER n character; composite character
7 xiàng *zi̯ɐŋ 邪陽上 **sɢlaŋʔ (?) PICTURE n concrete symbolic image
8 zì *dzɨ 從之去 **sɡlɯs (?) WRITTEN CHARACTER n character; composite character
9 yán *ŋi̯ɐn 疑元平 **ŋan (?) MEANING vtoN (of words or expressions) mean; refer to; (of behaviour) indicate, signify
10 zhù *ʈi̯ɤ 知魚去 **k-las (?) WRITE vt+prep+N med get written down on 著乎竹帛
11 rú *ȵi̯ɤ 日魚平 **nja (?) DEPICT vt[oN] make a likeness of things
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