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Text Click for more information BAIYU 3.0.0.0.0.4   百喻經·以梨打破頭喻/4
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BAIYU 3.0.0.0.0.4
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百喻經·以梨打破頭喻/4
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BAIYU
Sequence Nos. 1-6 Click for more information
3 . 0 . 0 . 0 . 0 . 4
 
Chinese Text Click for more information Translation Click for more information
1 比丘亦爾。 The monks are also like this:
2 不能具修信戒聞慧; they are unable to practise asceticism, to be faithful to prohibitions and to listen to wisdom.
3 但整威儀, all they sort out is their external impressive behaviour
4 以招利養。 in order to attract beneficial sustenance.
5 如彼愚人, Just like that fool
6 被他打頭, who suffers his head being beaten by others:
7 不知避去, he does not know to get away
8 乃至傷破; and even gets to the point of being severely injured.
9 反謂他癡。 And still he imagines others are silly.
10 此比丘者亦復如是。 These monks are just the same.
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Notes on Translation Click for more information (5)
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1 The use of 比丘 to refer pejoratively to superficial monks is a little surprising, but it is significant. It shows how BAIYU is something of an esoteric texts directed mainly at dissenters of various Buddhist persuasions and not so much at outsiders to Buddhism.
1 The pattern 亦爾 or 亦復如此, as in the regurgitative resume at the end in line 10, is almost obligatory in the explanation of the parables.
3 威儀: the topos of mere external show versus genuine inner conviction recurs regularly, and is naturally linked to the other topos of mere material benefit as opposed spiritual advance in the next line.
6 被他打頭: this is a very early instance of a characteristic passive construction that has become very popular in later colloquial Chinese. The interpretation of this form as vt+S is problematic and preliminary.
10 Note the obligatory meditative regurgitation at the of the Buddhist explanation of the parable.
 
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Lexeme Entry Attributions Click for more information (19)
  Line No. Click for more information Character(s) Click for more information Phonological Profile Click for more information Synonym Group Label Click for more information Syntactic Category Click for more information Semantic Category Click for more information Lexeme Entry Definition Click for more information Evidential Value Click for more information
1 ěr *ȵiɛ 日支上 **mljelʔ (?) RESEMBLE vi{=vt+npro} to be like this, to be such (stands for verbal predicate) cf. 然
2 xìn *sin 心真去 **sins (?) OBEY vtoN obey (precepts and prohibitions) faithfully
2 修/脩 xiū *sɨu 心尤平 **sqlɯw (?) / xiū *sɨu 心尤平 **sqlɯw (?) CULTIVATE vtoN cultivate (one's person, the ancients etc); apply oneself to; train and exercise (troops); occasionally also with negative objects: LH 2 修詐 "cultivate fraudulence"
2 jù *gi̯o 群虞去 **ɡos (?) COMPLETE vadV comprehensively
2 wén *mi̯un 明文平 **mɯn (?) HEAR vadN obtained through hearing
2 聞慧 wén - huì *mi̯un - ɦei 明文平 - 匣齊去 **mɯn - ɢʷeds (?) WISE NPab psych wisdom acquired by hearing
3 dàn *dɑn 定寒上 **daanʔ (?) ONLY padV ref=obj only (the object)
3 zhěng *tɕiɛŋ 章清上 **tjeŋʔ (?) EMBELLISH vtoN arrange in an orderly manner
3 威儀 wēi - yí *ʔɨi - ŋiɛ 影微平 - 疑支平 **qul - ŋral (?) RITUAL NPab act ZUO: proper behaviour; BUDDH: the proper behaviour/right demeanor; in the Buddhist context referring to the proper conduct of monks and nuns as defined in the vinaya texts and other texts related to the precepts (the origin of this term is pre-Buddhist and refers to right behaviour, proper demeanor; in the Buddhist context referring to the proper conduct of monks and nuns which is defined especially in vinaya texts and texts related to the precepts. Often the term refers to four specific deportments in daily life (sìwēiyí 四威儀), i.e. when walking, standing, sitting, and lying down (representing the daily activities). See especially DDB (see also NAKAMURA: 33b; FOGUANG: 3771; according to Yanagida yǒubiǎo 有表 'have-expression > expressed, manifest' is a term typically used in the Vinaya School, referring to the concrete correct behaviour required in performing the 'three actions' (sānyè 三業, i.e. physical actions, oral expressions and thought processes). Often set in contrast to wúbiǎo jiè 無表戒 'un-expressed (non-manifest) precepts' (see YANAGIDA 1990: 396, fn. 269; on yǒubiǎo and wúbiǎo see also DDB) [CA] corr[CH]
4 zhāo *tɕiɛu 章宵平 **kljew (?) CAUSE TO vtoN fig attract; cause to arise for oneself
4 利養 lì - yǎng *li - ji̯ɐŋ 來脂去 - 以陽上 **rids - laŋʔ (?) PROFIT NP profit and sustenance
6 bèi *biɛ 並支上 **bralʔ (?) PASSIVE MARKER vtoN.+V{PASS} grammaticalised passive marker be V-ed by N (note: 被死相隨)
7 zhī *ʈiɛ 知支平 **te (?) ABLE vt+V[0] be intellectually capable to V; understand how to, know how to V; have the good sense to; know the importance of Ving
8 乃至 nǎi - zhì *nəi - tɕi 泥咍上 - 章脂去 **nɯɯʔ - kljiɡs (?) UNTIL VPt0oS1.postS2 to the point when S, to the point of S happening
8 傷破 shāng - pò *ɕi̯ɐŋ - phʷɑ 書陽平 - 滂戈去 **lʰaŋ - phaals (?) INJURE VPtoN med.resultative get injured to the point of getting smashed> get badly injured
9 他/他/它 tā *thɑ 透歌平 **lʰaal (?) / tā *thɑ 透歌平 **lʰaal (?) / tā *thɑ 透歌平 **lʰaal (?) OTHER npro indef.plur other persons
9 反/返 fǎn *pi̯ɐn 幫元上 **panʔ (?) / fǎn *pi̯ɐn 幫元上 **panʔ (?) CONTRARY vadV on the contrary; contrary to intentions; as opposed to what one would expect; on the other hand
9 wèi *ɦɨi 云微去 **ɢuds (?) BELIEVE vttoN.+V[0] pivot (typically wrongly:) think of N that he/she/it Vs; think that N will V
10 亦復 yì - fù *jiɛk - bɨu 以昔入 - 並尤去 **k-laɡ - buɡs (?) ALSO PPadV.postN{SUBJ}:postS also the subject, also under the new circumstances
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Rhetorical Device Attributions Click for more information (2)
  Line From Click for more information Line To Click for more information Rhetorical Device Click for more information Rhetorical Device Definition Click for more information Evidential Value Click for more information
2 2 ENJAMBEMENT+SYNCOPE 幾個四字格連接法﹣分行不整ENJAMBEMENT in which the line-break is not at a main caesura (syntactic/prosodic break).
10 10 ENJAMBEMENT-SUBJ/PRED 接下行法﹣主謂之間 Line-break between subject and predicate of a sentence.
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