Lexeme Relations

One often understands a word better when one considers its antonyms. Lexeme Relations assembles not only antonyms but a whole set of what are regarded as systematic semantic relations between lexemes.

The main Lexeme Relations are as follows:

1. antonyms: ant good versus bad

2. contrasts: cont good versus excellent

3. converse: conv give versus receive

4. epithet: as in 忠臣

5. opposition, opp: eat versus drink

6. synonymy or neutralization of contrast, synon: "fool" versus "idiot", when the words are used interchangeably, typically in parallelism.

Nota bene:
It is assumed in TLS that the meaning of a word is only explained to the extent that this meaning is placed in the relational web of the meanings of other words. Obviously, in this connection ANTONYMS play a particularly important role, and these are registered on two levels. On the one hand a "standard" default antonym is identified wherever possible in the Synonym Group Criteria. On the other hand, all antonymic usages are registered systematically in the Lexeme Relations Attributions file. In this file all passages are listed in which we have recorded explicit evidence on systematic semantic relations between lexemes. It is desirable to pay special attention to the systems of Lexeme Relations as represented by individual books. Work along these lines has been done as a pilot project for the Analects (called LY in the database).

Christoph Harbsmeier

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